New South Wales


Central Precinct Renewal Program

Central Precinct Renewal Program is an urban renewal program focusing on Central station and the surrounding areas. It aims to provide a revitalised transport interchange, new and enhanced public spaces, new pedestrian connections above the line, and new retail opportunties. A strategic vision document has been released and public comment sought.

Central Walk

Central Walk is an underground concourse and a pedestrian tunnel underneath Central station. It links the eastern side of Central with the new light rail station, Metro platforms underneath Central station, and the existing suburban platforms. Central Walk is being constructed at the same time os the new Metro station at Central. Construction work is ongoing.


Corridor Projects

As part of its planning for western Sydney’s long-term transport needs, the New South Wales Government is identifying and protecting land corridors to be used in future transport infrastructure projects. Infrastructure will include passenger and freight railways, as well as roads. Transport links are needed to support the new Western Sydney airport, as well as the growth of housing and economic development. Three specific railway corridors and one road/rail corridor have been identified:

  • North–south Line linking St Marys on the Western line with Macarthur on the South line, via Western Sydney Airport, Oran Park and Narellan. This will include tunnels from St Marys to south of the M4 Motorway, and between Oran Park, Narellan and Macarthur.

  • South-west Rail Link Extension, which involves extension of the existing Leppington line to meet the planned north-south line at North Bringelly.

  • Western Sydney Freight Line linking the North–south Line between Orchard Hills and Luddenham with the Western Sydney Employment Area, which is located south of the M4 Motorway and west of the M7 Motorway, to the south of Rooty Hill and Mount Druitt. This could in future be extended to the Yennora, Wetherill Park and Smithfield industrial areas.

  • Outer Sydney Orbital corridor, which would  provide for potential motorway and freight railways connections between Box Hill in the Hills district of north-west Sydney, and Menangle on the Main South railway. Further connections could eventually link with the Illawarra, Central Coast and Newcastle regions.

Completion of the North–south Line, South-west Rail Link Extension and Western Sydney Freight Line would provide a freight connection between western Sydney and Port Botany via the new lines and existing freight railways.

Duplication of Port Botany Rail Line

Port Botany is expected to become the largest container port in Australia within the next 30 years. The number of twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) containers handled annually is forecast to increase from 2.29 million in 2015 to 7 million by 2040. The railway line between Cooks River and Port Botany includes a section of single-track line of 2.84 km in length. Duplicating this section would include construction of new track and duplication of three single-track bridges. The project is listed on the Infrastructure Priority List by Infrastructure Australia.

Fast Rail Future for NSW

The New South Wales Government has outlined a vision for growing regional economies in the state. Part of the vision includes better connectivity between regional centres and international gateways. An expert panel will provide advice on how a fast rail network can connect the state. Four potential routes form the initial focus of the panel’s work:

  • Sydney to Nowra

  • Sydney to Canberra

  • Sydney to Orange

  • Sydney to Port Macquarie.

Fast rail has the potential to cut existing rail travel times by up to 75%. The short to medium-term focus would see trains operating at speeds of at least 200 km/h, requiring new trains and track improvements on existing routes. In the medium to long-term trains would possibly operate at speeds of over 250 km/h, requiring new purpose-built lines and trains.

Faster Rail

Faster Rail is an initiative of the Australian Government to investigate improving rail connections between cities and their surrounding regions. Funding was provided in 2018 to support the development of three business cases, including between Sydney and Greater Newcastle. Five addiontal business cases were announced in the 2019–20 budget, including Sydney to Bomaderry and Sydney to Parkes. Although the Australian Government is providing financial support for the development of the business cases, this does not mean it will support delivery of specific projects.

Fixing Country Rail

Fixing Country Rail is a program of funding providing targeted infrastructure for regional freight projects. It aims to relieve bottlenecks that constrain efficient freight movement.


Future Transport 2056

The Future Transport Strategy 2056 document was released in March 2018 following feedback upon a draft that was released in October 2017. It updated and extended the 2012 NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan, and contains a range of strategies and plans that aim to provide an integrated vision of transport within New South Wales. Directions and outcomes through to the year 2056 are identified, providing a framework to guide investment decisions.

Initiatives are divided into three time frames:

  • Committed initiatives (0 to 10 years): initiatives that have committed funding, are ready for immediate planning, or that are part of key ongoing programs.

  • Initiatives for investigation (0 to 10; 10 to 20 years): initiatives to be investigated regarding possible commitment or implementation within the next 20 years.

  • Visionary initiatives (20+ years): initiatives that may be investigated within the next 10 years, but are unlikely to be implemented within the next 20 years.

Two Services and Infrastructure Plans have been formulated: Greater Sydney and Regional NSW.


Greater Sydney Services and Infrastructure Plan

The Greater Sydney Services and Infrastructure Plan outlines a vision for transport in Greater Sydney over the next 40 years. This vision includes a metropolis of three 30 minute cities with faster travel times, and convenient and reliable transport:

  • Eastern Harbour City, centred on Sydney CBD

  • Central River City, centred on Greater Parramatta and the Olympic Peninsula

  • Western Parkland City, centred on the Western Sydney Airport–Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis, Greater Penrith, Liverpool and Campbelltown-Macarthur.

Committed initiatives regarding railways and tramways include:

  • Sydney Metro Northwest

  • Sydney Metro City and Southwest

  • CBD and South East Light Rail

  • New intercity train fleet

  • Parramatta Light Rail

  • Upgrade to the Blue Mountains line to accommodate new intercity trains

  • Sydney Metro West (subject to final business case and funding)

  • North South Rail Link between St Marys and Western Sydney Airport–Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis (subject to final business case and funding).

Initiatives for investigation regarding railways and tramways by 2026 include:

  • Train improvements on the Airport, Illawarra, Western, Richmond and South Coast lines, including implementation of modern signal and train control technology

  • Western Sydney Airport–Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis to Parramatta railway link

  • North–south railway link in Western Parkland City from Cudgegong Road [now named Tallawong] through St Marys to Campbelltown/Macarthur via Western Sydney Airport–Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis, with a link to the existing railway at Leppington

  • Passenger train improvements south of Macarthur

  • Corridor protections in the Western Parkland City

  • Northern Sydney Freight Corridor Stage 2

  • Southern Sydney Freight Line improvements

  • Duplication of Port Botany Rail Line.

Initiatives for investigation regarding railways and tramways by 2036 include:

  • Mass transit/train link to South-east Sydney

  • Parramatta to Epping mass transit/train link

  • Parramatta to Kogarah mass transit/train link

  • CBD & South East Light Rail extension to Maroubra Junction

  • Extension of Inner West Light Rail to Bays Precinct

  • Parramatta Light Rail extensions

  • Western Sydney Freight Line

  • Additional capacity on Southern Sydney Freight Line.

Visionary initiatives regarding railways and tramways by 2056 include:

  • Extension of South East mass transit/train link to Miranda

  • Mass transit/train link between Macquarie Park and Hurstville via Rhodes

  • Parramatta to Norwest mass transit/train link

  • Sydney Metro City and Southwest extension to Liverpool.


Regional NSW Services and Infrastructure Plan

The Regional NSW Services and Infrastructure Plan outlines a vision for transport in regional New South Wales over the next 40 years. This vision includes a hub and spoke model of service delivery that radiates out from regional cities instead of focusing on Sydney.

Committed/funded initiatives regarding railways and tramways include:

  • Newcastle Light Rail

  • Protection of Lower Hunter freight corridor

  • New Intercity train fleet

  • Replacement of regional rail fleet and establishment of regional maintenance facilities; the preferred site for the maintenance facility is Dubbo

  • Tamworth rail freight centre

  • Re-activation of Narrandera-Tocumwal railway line

  • Upgrades to Main West line to Parkes

  • Construction of Inland Rail (Federally funded).

Initiatives for investigation regarding railways and tramways by 2026 include:

  • Extension of interstate light rail from Gold Coast Airport to Tweed Heads

  • Faster rail improvements between Sydney, Central Coast and Newcastle, Sydney and Wollongong, and Sydney and Canberra.

  • Extensions to Newcastle Light Rail

  • Extension of commuter passenger service from Bathurst to Orange

  • Extension of interstate light rail from Canberra to Queanbeyan.

Initiatives for investigation regarding railways and tramways by 2036 include:

  • Corridor protection for Higher Speed Connections along the east coast

  • Lower Hunter freight corridor

  • Electrification of railway lines to Bomaderry/Nowra, Goulburn and Bathurst

  • Improve Dubbo to Newcastle rail connection

  • Completion of Maldon to Dombarton railway

  • Support for Inland Rail

  • Main Northern line improvements to address freight pinch points.

Visionary initiatives regarding railways and tramways by 2056 include:

  • Electrification of the railway line to Telarah

  • New suburban rail service in Newcastle

  • New rail alignment of North Coast line between Newcastle and Stroud Road.

Maldon–Dombarton Rail Link

The Maldon–Dombarton Rail Link is a partially-built freight railway line of 35 km in length that may be completed in the future. It links Maldon (near Picton) on the Main South line with Dombarton on the Unanderra–Moss Vale line. The line would improve freight capacity at Port Kembla and alleviate traffic on the Illawarra line. Construction of the Maldon–Dombarton Rail Link commenced in 1983 but was suspended in 1988. A feasibility study into construction of the line was completed in 2011. The study concluded that completion of the line was not warranted at the time, but it was worthwhile preserving the easement to maintain the option of constructing the line in the future. A registration of interest process was conducted by Transport for NSW in 2014–15, inviting the private sector to express interest in the line, but the proponents did not meet the evaluation criteria.


Moorebank Intermodal Terminal

Moorebank Intermodal Company (MIC) is facilitating the development of an intermodal freight terminal at Moorebank, a south-western suburb of in Sydney. It has an agreement with Sydney Intermodal Terminal Alliance (SIMTA) under which SIMTA will build and operate the freight precinct. MIC will oversee the project to ensure that it meets required standards. The freight terminal will be linked by rail to Port Botany and the ARTC national rail freight network. The Moorebank intermodal freight precinct will include a rail yard, trucking terminal and warehouses, enabling shipping containers to be transferred between rail and road. It will be Australia’s largest intermodal precinct.  Qube Holdings has full ownership of the project.


More Trains, More Services

The More Trains, More Services program has previously provided new trains and additional services for Sydney. It is now focused on transforming the rail network to provide more reliable high capacity turn up and go services. Current projects include:

  • Waterfall Stabling Yard and platform extension

  • Wollongong Stabling Yard and platform extension

  • Mortdale Maintenance Centre upgrade

  • Hurstville crossover installation.

Benefits of the program include more services, faster travel times and improved reliability.

New Intercity Fleet

The New South Wales Government has ordered 554 new intercity carriages, which will be known as Mariyung trains. They will include two by two fixed seating on upper and lower levels, charging stations for each seat, improved accessibility for wheelchairs, dedicated spaces for luggage, prams and bicycles, and digital information screens. The trains will be stabled at Eveleigh (near Redfern) and a new maintenance centre will be constructed at Kangy Angy (between Ourimbah and Tuggerah) on the Central Coast & Newcastle line. RailConnect Consortium, a joint venture between Hyundai Rotem, Mitsubishi Electric Australia and UGL, has been awarded the contract for building the trains; they will be built in South Korea. The first of the new Intercity trains is expected to begin operating in 2022 following testing and commissioning.


North South Rail Line and South West Rail Link Extension

The existing South West Rail Link corridor will extend from Leppington to North Bringelly, where it will connect with the North South Rail Line corridor. The North South Rail Line corridor will connect to the Western line near St Marys, and to the South line near Macarthur. Stations are proposed to be located at Rossmore, Bringelly, North Bringelly, Oran Park and Narellan, as well as the Western Sydney Airport at Badgerys Creek. Additional stations could also be provided. Future extensions could be considered between St Marys and Schofields. Both lines will connect to the Western Sydney Nancy Bird Walton Airport. This project is also included as part of Corridor Projects.

NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan (LTTMP)

The NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan (LTTMP) was completed in 2012. It aimed to set the direction for transport planning for the next 20 years, and to provide a framework for transport policy and investment decisions. The Master Plan was intended as an overarching structure to guide later more detailed transport plans, policy decisions, reforms and funding decisions. It includes details about railway, light rail, road and ferry transport planning.


Parramatta Light Rail

Parramatta Light Rail will eventually connect Parramatta, Westmead, Carlingford and Olympic Park with light rail. Stage 1 of the project is planned to link Westmead and Carlingford via the Parramatta CBD and the former Carlingford heavy railway line from Camellia to Carlingford. The double-track line will be 12 km in length and include 16 stops. A light rail depot will be built adjacent to Rosehill Racecourse, near the former Sandown freight railway line. Construction began in 2020 and services are planned to commence operating in 2023. Stage 2 of the Parramatta Light Rail project will be nine km in length, and will travel east from Camellia to Ermington and Melrose Park, before heading south across the Parramatta River to Wentworth Point and Olympic Park. It had previously been announced that the line would extend to Strathfield but this is not part of current plans.


Regional Rail

A new regional passenger train fleet will replace existing regional trains, which will include the withdrawal of 60 XPT and more than 50 Xplorer and Endeavour carriages. A contract has been awarded to Momentum Trains, an international consortium. The new regional fleet will consist of 117 Diesel Multiple Unit train carriages, which will form ten regional intercity trains (30 carriages in three-car sets), nine short regional trains (27 carriages in three-car sets) and ten long regional trains (60 carriages in six-car sets). Regional trains will have reversible seats, window blinds, electronic charging points and overhead luggage storage. Premium Class seating will have a two by one layout and Economy Class will have a two by two layout. Momentum Trains will be responsible for maintenance of the new fleet for the first 15 years and a new maintenance facility will be located in Dubbo. The new trains will be built at the base of consortium partner Construcciones y Auxillar de Ferrocarriles (CAF) in Spain, and are expected to enter service from 2023.


Sydney Metro City & Southwest

Sydney Metro City & Southwest incorporates two core components:

  • Construction of new 15.5 km twin tunnels from Chatswood, under Sydney Harbour and through the Central Business District, to Sydenham.

  • Upgrading and conversion of the existing 13.5 km railway line between Sydenham and Bankstown stations to Metro standards.

The section between Chatswood and Sydenham will be 16 km in length and will include seven new Metro stations. Stations will be located at Crows Nest, Victoria Cross, Barangaroo, Martin Place, Pitt Street, Central and Waterloo. The project includes a possible future extension from Bankstown to Liverpool. Early work commenced in 2017 and the line will be operational in 2024.


Sydney Metro West

Sydney Metro West is a Metro line that will link the Sydney CBD, the Bays Precinct around Glebe and Rozelle, Sydney Olympic Park, Parramatta and Westmead. Stations will be located at Westmead, Parramatta, Sydney Olympic Park, North Strathfield, Burwood North, Five Dock, the Bays Precinct and Sydney CBD. Consideration is also being given to stations at Rydalmere, Silverwater and Pyrmont. The line could in future be further extended west from Westmead and south-east from the Sydney CBD. Services will be operated by driverless, single-deck trains. The new Metro line will transport around 40,000 passengers per hour in each direction. Services are expected to begin operating in the second half of the 2020s decade. The project is listed on the Infrastructure Priority List by Infrastructure Australia.

Sydney Metro – Western Sydney Airport

Sydney Metro’s Western Sydney Airport line will connect the new Western Sydney International Airport, currently under construction, with St Marys, on Sydney’s Western line. The line will be about 23 km in length and will have stations at St Marys, Orchard Hills, Luddenham, Western Sydney International Business Park, Western Sydney Airport International Terminal and Western Sydney Aerotropolis. Western Sydney Airport is planned to open in 2026 and the Metro line should be completed by the time of the airport’s opening. The line may in future be connected to the existing Sydney Metro North West line.

Transport Access Program

The Transport Access Program provides accessible, modern, secure and integrated transport infrastructure. Features of the program are:

  • stations that are accessible to people with disabilities, the elderly and people with prams

  • modern buildings and facilities for all transport modes that meet the needs of a growing population

  • modern facilities and interchanges which enable easy transfers between different lines and transport modes

  • safety improvements, which include additional lighting, help points, fences and other security measures

  • improved signage at stations and transport interchanges

  • continuing maintenance and upgrading.

Work on the program is ongoing.


Western Sydney Airport

The Australian Government has made a commitment to a new airport at Badgerys Creek in western Sydney. Construction began in 2018, with the initial opening to occur in 2026, after which the airport will be continue to develop and expand. Options for the airport’s rail needs are being assessed through a joint Australian and New South Wales Government study, including community consultation. See Western Sydney Rail.

Western Sydney Rail Needs Scoping Study

The Australian and New South Wales Governments are undertaking a scoping to study to investigate options for railways to service the Western Sydney Airport currently being constructed, as well as the needs of western Sydney in general. It will consider if a railway line could be operational by the time the new airport opens, and whether other railway links in western Sydney are a higher priority. This project is also included as part of Corridor Projects.