New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory
Almost all railway lines in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory are standard gauge. Broad gauge lines extend from Victoria into New South Wales, reaching Tocumwal and Deniliquin. The three major network managers in the state are the Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC), John Holland Country Regional Network (CRN) and RailCorp.
Links to maps of the major railway lines in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, and light rail lines in Sydney, are below.
Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC)
In New South Wales the Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC) manages and maintains 4693 km of track, including lines that are part of the interstate network, as well as other lines. The lines in New South Wales that are part of the interstate network consist of:
Macarthur to the New South Wales–Victoria border near Albury
Cootamundra West via Parkes to the New South Wales–South Australia border near Broken Hill
Broadmeadow to the New South Wales–Queensland border at Border Tunnel.
Other ARTC lines in New South Wales are:
the Southern Sydney Freight Line from Sefton to Macarthur
Port Botany to Chullora and Sefton
Unanderra to Moss Vale
Yarrawonga to Oaklands, which is the New South Wales section of the line from Benalla (in Victoria) to Oaklands
Parkes to Dubbo via Narromine
Maitland to North Star (north of Moree)
Gap (near Werris Creek) to Dubbo via Merrygoen
Muswellbrook to Merrygoen via Gulgong.
The ARTC’s Hunter Valley network carries around 290 trains per day. These include coal, general freight, bulk freight and passenger trains. Around half of all services operating on the Hunter Valley network are coal trains to the Port of Newcastle, the largest coal export port in the world. The ARTC has Network Control Centres in New South Wales at Broadmeadow and Junee.
Canberra Metro Operations (CMET)
Canberra Metro Operations (CMET) has been contracted to maintain and operate Canberra’s light rail network. Stage 1 was opened in April 2019 and extends from the city to Gungahlin via a 12 km route along Northbourne Avenue, the Federal Highway, Flemington Road and Hibberson Street. The route starts north of Alinga Street in the city and finishes east of Gungahlin Place on Hibberson Street in Gungahlin. It includes 13 stops. Plans for future extensions from the proposed city terminus include possible routes to Canberra airport, the Parliamentary Triangle, Belconnen and Woden. Stage 2 will extend from the city via Parkes and Barton to Woden.
John Holland Country Regional Network
John Holland is an Australian engineering, contracting and services provider to the infrastructure, energy, resources and transport services sectors. The John Holland Country Regional Network (CRN) covers 2386 route kilometres of operational passenger and freight rail lines, and 3139 route kilometres of non-operational lines throughout New South Wales. John Holland manages and maintains this network, providing access for rail operators. Most of its lines are in regional areas of the state and have low levels of traffic. Grain haulage forms the majority of freight traffic on these lines. The John Holland CRN website provides a wide range of information about its network, including route information, maps, diagrams, Train Operating Conditions Manual, access information, Standard Working Timetables and Country Train Notices.
The Newcastle light rail line is 2.7 km in length and runs from Newcastle Interchange at Wickham to Newcastle Beach. It runs through the city centre along the former heavy rail corridor and Hunter Street, before continuing to its terminus. There is potential for future extensions to suburbs such as Mayfield, Merewether and Adamstown.
RailCorp owns most of the railway network in the Sydney suburban area and some interurban areas. Until 2013 RailCorp was an operator of trains, but the passenger train services it previously operated in New South Wales are now run by Sydney Trains and NSW TrainLink. RailCorp continues as a railway network owner, including responsibility for stations and property. It provides access to its network for railway operators. The RailCorp network includes all of the passenger railways in the Sydney suburban area, and interurban lines to Bomaderry, Lithgow and Newcastle Interchange. RailCorp has boundaries with the ARTC network near Unanderra, 91.080 km from Central; near Macarthur, 57.97 km from Central; and near Broadmeadow, 163.920 km from Central. It has a boundary with the John Holland Country Regional Network (CRN) near Bowenfels, 158.8 km from Central. The entire RailCorp network is electrified, with the exception of the line from Kiama to Bomaderry. Although RailCorp is a network owner, the management and maintenance of its network is the responsibility of Sydney Trains.
Skitube Alpine Railway
Skitube Alpine Railway is a Swiss designed rack-rail line from Bullocks Flat to Blue Cow in the New South Wales Snowy Mountains. The line is 8.5 km in length and climbs from an altitude of 1132 metres to 1893 metres above sea level, including a lengthy section of 1 in 8 (12.5%) gradient. It includes a 6.3 km tunnel and three stations. Overhead wiring provides 1.5 kV volts DC to power the trains. Skitube Alpine Railway provides transport for skiers and other visitors to the skifields. The first section of the line opened between Bullocks Flat and Perisher Valley in 1987, and it was completed to Blue Cow in 1988.
South Maitland Railways
South Maitland Railways once operated an extensive network of railways serving various coal mines in the region south of Maitland. It continues to own and mange the line extending around 24 km in length from East Greta Junction to Pelton.
Sydney Light Rail
Sydney Light Rail is managed and operated by Transdev. The L1 line extends from Central station to Dulwich Hill through Darling Harbour, Pyrmont, Glebe, Lilyfield and Lewisham West. Most of the line is built along the formation of a former goods railway. It is 12.7 km long and there are 23 stops. The L2 line extends from Circular Quay to Randwick via Town Hall, Central and Moore Park. It is 9 km long and has 14 stops. A line to Kingsford is scheduled to be opened in March 2020.
Sydney Trains manages and maintains track owned by RailCorp within the Sydney suburban and interurban areas.
V/Line manages broad gauge lines that extend from Victoria into New South Wales from Echuca to Deniliquin, and from Strathmerton to Tocumwal.