South Australia and Northern Territory
South Australia has a mixture of standard gauge, broad gauge and narrow gauge lines. It is the only state to have extensive networks of three different gauges. South Australia is also the only state to have a section of two transcontinental lines: the east–west line from Sydney to Perth, and the north–south line from Darwin to Adelaide. Most of the major interstate lines are managed by ARTC, while the line from Tarcoola to Darwin is managed by Genesee & Wyoming Australia (GWA).
Links to maps of the major railway lines in South Australia and the Northern Territory, and tramways in Adelaide, are below.
Adelaide Metro owns and maintains the Adelaide suburban railway and tramway network. It also operates train, tram and bus services throughout Adelaide. Adelaide Metro manages six railway lines, all of which are broad gauge. Lines extend to Belair, Gawler Central, Grange, Outer Harbor, Seaford and Tonsley. The lines from Adelaide to Seaford and Tonsley are electrified. Adelaide Metro’s main tramway is a standard gauge line that is 15 km in length and runs from the Entertainment Centre at Hindmarsh through the Central Business District to Moseley Square at Glenelg. Much of the line has its own right of way that is separate from road traffic, but it runs along roads in the Adelaide Central Business District and at Glenelg. Lines also extend along North Terrace to the Botanic Gardens, and 100 metres north along King William Road from North Terrace to the Festival Centre. The Adelaide Metro website provides some information about the railway and tramway networks, but focuses on details regarding public transport services.
Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC)
In South Australia the Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC) manages and maintains the following lines, all of which are standard gauge:
Adelaide to the Victoria–South Australia border near Serviceton
Adelaide to the Western Australia–South Australia border on the Trans-Australian Railway via Port Augusta
Port Augusta to Whyalla
Crystal Brook to the New South Wales–South Australia border near Broken Hill.
ARTC has a Network Control Centre in South Australia at Adelaide.
Genesee & Wyoming Australia (GWA)
Genesee & Wyoming Australia (GWA) manages nearly 5000 kilometres of track in South Australia and the Northern Territory, including the standard gauge railway between Tarcoola and Darwin, which is 2246 km in length. Its network includes broad, standard and narrow gauge lines, although a number of lines under the management of GWA are currently mothballed. Most of its operational railways, apart from the line to Darwin, are the narrow gauge lines on the Eyre Peninsula from Port Lincoln to Wudinnah, Thevenard and Kevin, and from Cummins to Kimba.