Metro (Metro Trains Melbourne)
Metro (Metro Trains Melbourne) is a privately-owned passenger train operator providing services throughout the Melbourne CBD and suburban area. Frequent services run across a network of fifteen lines. Suburban train services carried 243.2 million passengers during 2018–19, and around 29,000 standard services operate each weekday. The Metro fleet consists of around 220 six-carriage trains. Metro is 60 per cent owned by MTR Corporation, a Hong Kong based company, while 20 per cent is owned by John Holland and 20 per cent by UGL. Train maintenance centres are located at Bayswater, Craigieburn, Epping, Macaulay, Newport and Westall.
V/Line operates train and coach services throughout regional Victoria. It also operates some coach services to interstate locations in South Australia, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. V/Line train services run from Melbourne south-west to Geelong and Warrnambool, west to Ballarat, Maryborough and Ararat, north-west to Bendigo, Swan Hill and Echuca, north-east to Seymour, Shepparton and Albury, and east to Traralgon, Sale and Bairnsdale, servicing 98 stations. There were 18,652,422 train passenger journeys during 2022–23. The Geelong line had the highest number, with 8.15 million. At 30 June 2023 V/Line had a fleet of 33 locomotives, 110 locomotive-hauled carriages, 318 VLocity carriages and 21 Sprinter carriages.
Yarra Trams operates the Melbourne tram network. It is owned by private company Keolis Downer. Trams operate on 23 revenue routes and a free City Circle tram route across a network of 250 km of double track, making it the largest operating tram network in the world. Approximately 80 per cent of the network is built on roads and there are over 1700 tram stops. Tram services carried over 200 million passengers during 2020–21, with over 5000 services a day. The average speed of trams is 16 km/h across the network and 11 km/h in the Melbourne Central Business District. Yarra Trams has a fleet consisting of over 500 trams, with over 400 in service during peak periods.